LEC200

Anatomy: Tonal vs. Constructive

Knowledge of anatomy is essential for the realist figure artist, and there are many books with varying approaches that help to illustrate the body. This lecture class explores the anatomy of the figure through construction, or building with shapes and mechanisms, and through value, or describing features with light and dark. You will learn the practical application of each, as well as how to use this knowledge to inform your drawings. You are required to understand and name the superficial bones and muscles of the body, as they provide key landmarks when rendering the figure, as well as a common terminology that can be used when referring to the model to indicate specific forms and locations. In this course you will view lecture videos and copy drawings from each school of thought. 
 

Throughout this lecture class, you are expected to familiarize yourself with these bones and muscles:

 

Lecture 2: Chest/Shoulder: 

  • Bones- Sternum, Clavicle, Ribs, Scapula.
  • Muscles- Pectoralis, Rectus Abdominus, External Oblique, Serratus, Latissimus Dorsi, Trapezius, Deltoid, Teres Major, Infraspinatus, Erector Spinae (group).

Lecture 3: Arm:

  • Bones- Humerus, Ulna, Radius. 
  • Muscles- Bicep, Brachialis (Anticus), Triceps, Supinator, Brachioradialus, Pronator, Anconeus, Extensor Group, Flexor Group.

Lecture 4: Hand: 

  • Bones- Pisiform, Triquetrum, Metacarpal, Phalange.
  • Muscles/Tendons- Extensor Carpi Ulnaris, Extensor Digitorum Communis, Extensor Digiti Minimimi, Extensor Pollicis Brevis, Extensor Pollicis Longus, Dorsal Interosseus, Extensor Carpi Radialis, Palmaris Longus, Flexor Carpi Ulnaris, Abductor Pollicis, Flexor Pollicis Brevis, Adductor Pollicis Transversus, Abductor Digiti Minimi, Thenar, Hypothenar.

Lecture 5: Pelvis/Thighs:

  • Pelvis bones- Ilium (Iliac crest), Ischium, Pubis, Sacrum; Leg bones- Femur, Patella.
  • Muscles- Tensor Fascia Latae, Sartorius, Gluteous Medius, Gluteous Maximus, Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Lateralis, Gracilis, Biceps Femoris, Semi-Tendonosus, Semi-Membranosus, Bursa of knee.

Lecture 6: Lower Leg/Foot:

  • Bones- Tibia, Fibula. 
  • Muscles- Tibialis Anticus, Peroneus Longus, Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Tibialis Posterior, Peroneus Brevis.

Lecture 7: Skull/Neck: 

  • Bones- Seventh Cervical Vertebra, Frontal, Nasal, Zygomatic Arch, Superior Maxillary, Inferior Maxillary. Cartilage- Larynx. 
  • Muscles- Sternocleidomastoid, Temporal, Masseter, Buccinator, Lesser/Greater Zygomaticus, Ocipito Frontalis, Corrugator of the Eyebrow.

LEC200

Introduction to LEC200

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 1

Proportions and Navigation Terms

LEC200: Demonstration 1

Bridgman Anatomy Drawings

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 2

The Torso

LEC200: Demonstration 2

Vanderpoel Anatomy Drawings

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 3

The Arm

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 4

Hands

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 5

Pelvis, Upper Leg, and Knee

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 6

Lower Leg and Foot

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 7

The Skull and Muscles of the Face

LEC200: Anatomy Lecture 8

Features of the Face

Overview of Process:
Bridgman Anatomy Drawings
Overview of Process:
Shading on Toned Paper

Assignment

Tonal vs. Constructive Anatomy Drawings

The following is the recommended schedule of replicating the drawings from the Bridgman and Vanderpoel books. It is highly recommended to copy more than the assigned sketches, and to repeat as many times as needed to obtain quick, confident, accurate sketches. 

 

Week 1: 

  • Bridgman: 18 (all), 23 (all), 24 (all), 36 (2,3, & 4), 39 (all except text), 55 (all) 
  • Vanderpoel: no assignment



Week 2: 

  • Bridgman: 146 (all except text), 153 (all), 157 (all), 160 (all), 162 (1 & 2 & text)
  • Vanderpoel: 98 (left drawing in 2nd row), 76 (left drawing in 1st row, right drawing in 2nd row)

 
Week 3: 

  • Bridgman: 180 (1 & 3, 2 & 5, and text), 181 (all), 183 (all), 205 (text), 206 (1 & middle), 209 (left & middle)
  • Vanderpoel: 102 (left and right)


Week 4: 

  • Bridgman: 225 (1 & text), 230, 231 (all), 234 (all), 241 (1 & text), 244 (2), 247 (1 & text), 249 (bottom row & text), 252 (1 & 2), 259 (middle & text), 263 (1 & 2 & text)
  • Vanderpoel: 114 (right drawing in 1st row, left drawing in 3rd row)


Week 6: 

  • Bridgman: 263 (1 & 2 & bottom text), 284 (3), 285 (top middle), 290 (all), 291 (1), 293 (1 & text), 295 (right), 296 (all), 304 (1 & text), 307 (right)
  • Vanderpoel: 118 (1 & 2)

 
Week 7: 

  • Bridgman: [309 (1) & 308 (1)], [309 (middle left) & 315 (middle)], [310 (left & bottom middle) & 311(text #3)], 313 (1 & 2), 315 (top middle & left middle)
  • Vanderpoel: 122 (top left), 126 (top & left drawing in 2nd row)



Week 8: 

  • Bridgman: 69 (1 & 3 [x4 then x1 from memory] & text), 71 (1 & text), 83 (1 & 2), 115 (1 & text), 136 (2 & 3 & text)
  • Vanderpoel: 48 (2, 3, & 4)


Week 9: 

  • Bridgman: 123 (middle & text), 126 (1 & top middle group & text)
  • Vanderpoel: Mouths (any 2 charcoal [front and side], any 3 pen); Nose (any 1 charcoal, any 2 pen); Eyes (any 2 charcoal eye sets, any 3 pen), Ears (any 1 charcoal, any 2 pen)

 

Total number of drawings copied:
Bridgman: 79


Vanderpoel: 18 charcoal, 13 pen